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Health Care ProfessionalsPopulation GroupsChildren and Young People in Care

Children and Young People in Care

This pathway has been developed by Children's Health Queensland.

This page is about assessing infants, children, and adolescents in out-of-home care.

About children and young people in care

  • Out-of-home care describes the care of children and young people aged < 18 years, who are unable to live with their family (usually due to abuse or neglect) and are placed with carers on a short-term or long-term basis.
  • Some types of out-of-home care include:
    • kinship care – placement is with the child or young person's extended family, friends, or from their existing social network.
    • foster care, or other home-based placement options – occurs within a carer's home environment.
    • residential care – 24 hour care provided for a small number of children and young people by paid staff on a roster basis.
  • Children and young people in out-of-home care have poorer health outcomes than their peers due to their history of abuse, neglect and trauma.
  • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children and young people are over-represented in the out-of-home care population. 
  • The National Clinical Assessment Framework for Children and Young People in Out-of-Home Care1 recommends that all children and young people in out-of-home care have a preliminary health check within 30 days of entering care, and a comprehensive health and developmental assessment completed within 3 months.

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